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A Comprehensive Glossary for Dietitian : 20 Terms You Need to Know


Important Glossary for Dietitian and Nutritionist

  1. Macro-nutrients: The three main nutrients that provide energy and are required in larger quantities in the diet, including carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.

  2. Micro-nutrients: The essential nutrients required in smaller quantities, including vitamins and minerals.

  3. Calories: A unit of measurement of energy derived from food.

  4. Carbohydrates: A macronutrient that provides energy and is found in foods like grains, fruits, and vegetables.

  5. Proteins: A macronutrient that is important for building and repairing tissues and is found in foods like meat, fish, and beans.

  6. Fats: A macronutrient that provides energy and is found in foods like nuts, seeds, and oils.

  7. Fiber: A type of carbohydrate that is important for digestive health and is found in foods like whole grains, fruits, and vegetables.

  8. Glycemic index: A measure of how quickly a food raises blood sugar levels.

  9. Glycemic load: A measure that takes into account both the quality and quantity of carbohydrates in a food.

  10. Antioxidants: Compounds that help protect the body from damage caused by free radicals.

  11. Phytochemicals: Compounds found in plant-based foods that have been shown to have health benefits.

  12. Omega-3 fatty acids: A type of fat found in foods like fatty fish and flaxseeds that has been shown to have numerous health benefits.

  13. Sodium: A mineral that is essential for health but is often consumed in excess in the typical Western diet.

  14. Potassium: A mineral that is important for regulating blood pressure and is found in foods like bananas, potatoes, and spinach.

  15. Calcium: A mineral that is important for building and maintaining strong bones and teeth and is found in foods like dairy products, leafy greens, and fortified foods.

  16. Vitamin D: A vitamin that is important for bone health and is synthesized by the body when exposed to sunlight.

  17. Vitamin B12: A vitamin that is important for nervous system function and is found in animal-based foods like meat, fish, and dairy products.

  18. Iron: A mineral that is important for the formation of red blood cells and is found in foods like meat, beans, and fortified cereals.

  19. Zinc: A mineral that is important for immune system function and is found in foods like meat, seafood, and beans.

  20. Magnesium: A mineral that is important for muscle and nerve function and is found in foods like leafy greens, nuts, and whole grains.

Did we forget to include something important on this list? We value your feedback and want to make sure we're providing the most comprehensive information possible. Let us know if there's anything we should add.

 

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